Veterinary vaccines have had, and continue to have, a major role in protecting animal health and public health, reducing animal suffering, enabling efficient production of food animals to feed the burgeoning human population, and greatly reducing the need for antibiotics to treat food and companion animals. Prominent examples include rabies vaccines and Rinderpest vaccines. Rabies vaccines for domestic animals and wildlife have nearly eliminated human rabies in developed countries.

The National Veterinary institute (NVI) being a sole company in the production and development of vaccines against animal disease in Ethiopia, is endeavoring for the global wellbeing of animals by supplying a number of quality vaccines. For animal vaccines to effectively protect animal and public health they must be widely used, which means they must be affordable. To this end the institute is supplying different vaccines for nearly cheap price to make products affordable by clients.

Vaccination is without doubt the most useful single measure available to prevent animal infectious diseases. The advantages of vaccination are numerous. It is the only available method to prevent, or sometimes cure, viral animal infections in the absence of broad spectrum antivirals and avoids the alternative of mass slaughtering of livestock. NVI vaccines are environmentally friendly and increase animal welfare by preventing suffering from disease resulting from treatment for a cure which may result in antibiotic resistance and pharmaceutical residues in food. Veterinary vaccines cannot only be used to protect animal health but also human health from zoonotic infections through animal vaccination as exemplified by wildlife vaccination against rabies.